World Languages Mandarin Chinese - World: Guānxì Resource Center

Language Instruction and Student Engagement - Language Learning Instructional Strategies

Provide Effective and Engaging Instruction
The instructional practice in the world language classroom may (and should) lead to an almost magical experience for students—recapturing to the degree possible the natural, stress-free, even joyful process of acquiring the native language. The world language classroom should be a place where the effective teacher blends a captivating concoction of comprehensible, even transparent, input that is carefully located in the students’ zone of proximal development while structuring frequent, fun opportunities for students to engage in comprehensible output with the teacher and each other. This planned combination of input and output will lead to high levels of proficiency and literacy as well as conversational fluency in the target language, when seasoned well with powerful instructional strategies and sequences of tasks to:


Beginners Chinese Study Guide (PDF)
Help beginners learn to read and say Chinese by using these pronunciation tips and collection of useful phrases.

World Language Instruction Checklist (PDF)
Choose from a variety of different strategies and activities to help your students learn a language.

Chinese Characters
Use the resources below to make your own language cards for teaching and practicing question words in Mandarin. It is recommended to put the Mandarin character on one side and the card with a picture, pinyin, and English clues on the other side. Use the picture card side for beginners and remove the temporary supports (by turning the card around) of the picture, pinyin, and English translation when the students no longer need those scaffolds.

Documents are provided in PDF format.
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Picture Cards
Use the examples below or make your own picture cards for teaching and practicing question words in Mandarin. These are recommended to be placed on the reverse side of the corresponding Mandarin character cards. These picture cards add visual, pinyin, and English clues to the meaning of the character on the other side. As the students begin to learn, post on the wall, or otherwise use the side with the picture clues, gradually testing their ability to recognize the Chinese character without the clues, and finally turning the cards over so that only the characters are displayed; posting them on the wall as sentence/conversation starters.

Documents are provided in PDF format.
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Imaginary Pet Animal Sculpture – Sample Materials
The instructional materials below show accompanying documents developed for an elementary unit about pets (Unit 2 Animals People Love). Refer to the video Culminating Activity: Description Presentation in Video Examples – Elementary School.

Unless noted otherwise, documents are provided in RTF format to allow for modifying for your instructional needs.

Pet Animal Sculpture Rubric (PDF)
Pet Animal Team Plan
Pet Animal Team Key
Pet Animal Team Presentation
Pet Animal Team Evaluation
Pet Animal Sculpture Final Exam
Song–Animals Here and There

Language Acquisition

How students reach competence in a new language to listen, speak, read, and write at high levels of proficiency.

Curriculum Development

Sample units for elementary, middle, and high school Mandarin Chinese classes developed based on the California K-12 world language standards.

Language Instruction and Student Engagement

Video clips and other information to illustrate best practices in language teaching, specifically demonstrating lessons in the WORLD: Guānxì curriculum units.

Administrative Support

Resources and information to assist school and district administrators in planning, implementing, and improving Mandarin Chinese programs.

Chinese Teacher Exchange Program

Interviews, information, and resources from a program in San Diego County with 18 years of experience hosting guest teachers from a sister school in China.
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