World Languages Mandarin Chinese - World: Guānxì Resource Center

Language Acquisition - Language Programs

Programs to teach languages other than English in schools across the United States vary from place to place and from grade level to grade level. The variations of program models have their main differences in the amount of class time per week, the content of instruction (subject matter or the language itself), and the language used for instruction (predominantly the foreign language or English). For purposes of this article, the programs are classified into three categories: 1) world language study; 2) world language immersion; and 3) language minority bilingual programs.

World Language Study
These are generally what we know as traditional language programs that rarely lead to conversational fluency.


World Language Immersion
These are programs with proven success in reaching goals of conversational fluency, literacy, and cultural competence.

Umbrella Art
Minority Language Bilingual Programs
These are generally programs with proven success in reaching goals of conversational fluency, literacy, and cultural competence.


World Language Program Types (PDF)
The above programs are described in more detail on this document along with references for sources and for further reading.

Learn More
From Enrichment to Immersion in Chinese/Mandarin – Transforming Public Education for the 21st Century in NABE Perspectives
This article highlights two schools' approach to Chinese/Mandarin language immersion programs in Southern California.

A Cure For Monolingualism: Elementary-level foreign language Instruction helps create global citizens
The author encourages schools to provide immersion language programs for students beginning in elementary schools to benefit students cognitively, academically, and culturally, with an accompanying benefit of creating global citizens.

Language Acquisition

How students reach competence in a new language to listen, speak, read, and write at high levels of proficiency.

Curriculum Development

Sample units for elementary, middle, and high school Mandarin Chinese classes developed based on the California K-12 world language standards.

Language Instruction and Student Engagement

Video clips and other information to illustrate best practices in language teaching, specifically demonstrating lessons in the WORLD: Guānxì curriculum units.

Administrative Support

Resources and information to assist school and district administrators in planning, implementing, and improving Mandarin Chinese programs.

Chinese Teacher Exchange Program

Interviews, information, and resources from a program in San Diego County with 18 years of experience hosting guest teachers from a sister school in China.
Site created by: Ed Tech Productions, San Diego County Office of Education
© 2011 Board of Education, San Diego County. All rights reserved. Web Content Disclaimer